23 June 2012-28 February 2013. This exhibition pays homage to the English mathematican and philosopher Alan Turing (1912-1954) as well as to the history of cryptology and informatics. It focuses on its most significant moments, its most representative protagonists, the machineries and the most important technological innovations, which have characterised this era.
Turing is considered the father of modern electronic calculation and of artificial intellingence as well as one of the most important scientists of the 20th century. This complex and tormented personality has emerged especially for his outstanding capacity of analysis and synthesis. The need to invent some tools to help calculations is very ancient. Five thousand years ago people used cords and stones to count before the Chinese invention around 2000 BC of the first real tool for this purpose: the abacus, which has been used widespreadly until around 1750. In modern times, the development of scientific and technological knowledge led to the creation of increasingly powerful and fast machines, which evolved from mechanical to electronic. From the introduction of electricity up to the invention of relays, valves, transistors and microprocessors, computers have developed from simple support tools for calculations to essential elements of our daily lives. Among the fathers of this slow revolution is Turing, who contributed to the formalization of the functioning principles of modern computers and to the visionary anticipation of machines, which one day might be able to think as human beings.